[[basics:planets-intro:planets-characteristics-astrology]]

Rasis represent situations that develop in one’s life and influences that enter one’s life. Planets in a chart represent human beings that play a role in one’s life.

This world contains two essences – jeevaamsa (living essence) and paramaatmaamsa (absolute and supreme essence). Planets are the manifestations of different aspects of these essences. Vishnu’s incarnations happened with these essences taken from various planets.

Planet Avatar
Sun Ram
Moon Krishan
Mars Narsimha (half-man, half-lion)
Mercury Budh
Jupiter Vamana (learned dwarf)
Venus Parshuram
Saturn Koorma (tortoise)
Rahu Varah (boar)
Ketu Matsya (Fish)

All these incarnations came into being with a significant percentage of paramaatmaamsa (supreme essence) than jeevaatmaamsa (living essence). Rama, Krishna, Narasimha and Varaha avataras had only paramaatmaamsa.

Other living beings are born with a significant percentage of jeevaamsa and a little of paramaatmaamsa from the planets.

(1) Jupiter and Venus are natural benefics (saumya grahas or subha grahas). Mercury becomes a natural benefic when he is alone or with more natural benefics. Waxing Moon of Sukla paksha is a natural benefic.
(2) Sun, Mars, Rahu and Ketu are natural malefics (kroora grahas ). Mercury becomes a natural malefic when he is joined by more natural malefics.
Waning Moon of Krishna paksha is a natural malefic.

Paapa Grahas - Rahu, Ketu, Saturn and Mars

This information is important because the results given by planets are based on their inherent nature.

Important Note about Moon

Decreasing Moon and increasing Moon due to the Motion of Moon with respect to the position of the Sun. When Moon is ahead of Sun till it reaches 180° apart, the Moon is increasing (called 'Poornima Ka Chand' or Shukla Paksha Moon or Waxing Moon).

Beyond 180° to 0° (when it joins Sun) is the motion of Moon approaching Sun is called decreasing Moon(called Krishna Paksha Moon or (Sheen Chandra) or 'Amavasya Ka Chand' or waning Moon).

0° to 120° medium, 120° to 240° auspicious (strong) and from 240° to 0° she (the Moon)is bereft of strength.

Moon is said to be full from the 10th day of the bright half of the lunar month to the 5th day of the dark half of the same month. From the 10th day of the dark half of the lunar month to the 5th day of the bright half of the lunar month, Moon is said to be week.

Important Note about Mercury

According to Sage Parashar Mercury becomes malefic if he joins a malefic. lf Waning Moon and Mercury are together, both are malefic.

Important Note about Sun

According to Sages Mantreshwara, Kalyan Varma, Mahrishi Vashistha and Parashara, the Sun is not malefic (paapgraha) but a Krura graha (cruel, unkind, rigid). Being the soul of universe and Karaka for father can never be same like other malefics. He may be strict.

PlanetGoverns
SunSoul
MoonMind
MarsStrength
MercurySpeech (Vaaksidhhi)
JupiterWisdom, Knowledge and Happiness
VenusSemen (potency)
SaturnGrief
RahuAddiction (mada)

If Moon is strong in a horoscope, mind will be strong; if Sun is strong, soul will be strong. But if Saturn is strong, there will be less grief.

Sun shows blood-red color. Moon shows White color. Mars shows blood-red color. Mercury shows grass green color. Jupiter shows Yellow color. Venus is variegated (multiple with brightness). Saturn shows black color, Rahu shows blue (some says black) color. Ketu shows color with spots.

These colors can be useful, for example, when predicting the color of one’s car. For now, readers should just memorize these characteristics.

Sun and Moon are kings (Royal Status). Mars is the leader (army chief). Mercury is the prince.
Jupiter and Venus are the ministers. Saturn is the servant. Rahu and Ketu form the army.

Ruling deities of various planets are as given below: Agni (fire god) for Sun, Varuna (rain god) for Moon, Subrahmanya (army chief of gods) for Mars, Maha Vishnu (supreme sustaining force) for Mercury, Indra (ruler of gods) for Jupiter, Sachi Devi (Indra’s wife) for Venus, Brahma (Creator) for Saturn.

Gender Planets
Sun, Mars, Jupiter Male
Moon, Venus Female
Saturn Female-Eunuchs
Mercury Male-Eunuchs

This information can be used for predicting the sex of children based on one’s chart. For example, if the house ruling the first child is influenced by Jupiter, Mars and Mercury, we may predict a son. If it is influenced by Moon and Mercury, we may predict a daughter.

Planet Tatwa
Agni tattva (fiery element) Mars, Sun
Bhoo tattva (earthy element) Mercury
Vaayu tattva (airy element) Saturn
Aakaasa tattva (ethery element) Jupiter
Jala tattva (watery element) Venus, Moon

These rulerships throw light on the basic nature of planets. Being a fiery planet, Mars governs leadership, enterprise etc. Being an earthy planet, Mercury governs memory, logical abilities etc. Being an airy planet, Saturn governs wandering and free spirit.

Being a watery planet, Venus governs imaginative and creative work. Being an ethery planet, Jupiter governs wisdom, intelligence and perceiving knowledge.

Planet Varnas
Jupiter and Venus Brahmanas (learned)
Sun and Mars Kshatriyas (warriors)
Moon and Mercury Vaisyas (traders)
Saturn Sudra (worker)

Learning and intelligence is the forte of the learned class. Bravery is the forte of the warrior class. Getting along with others well is the forte of the trader class. Hard work is the forte of the working class. In this manner, we should understand varnas to show one’s basic nature rather than the caste of one’s family.

It should be noted that Moon, who was earlier classified in the planetary cabinet as a king, is said here to be of Vaisya varna. Sun is a king who is also a warrior. He is a brave king, who asserts himself. But Moon is a king who gets along well with everyone.

Planet Gunas
Sun, Moon and Jupiter Saattwik
Mercury and Venus Raajasik
Mars and Saturn Taamasik

Saatwik planets produce mildness, love of truth, charitable, righteous, god-fearing and loving and fond of helping their fellow creatures.

Raajsik planets make menof taste, loving, romantic, well informed in the different branches of knowledge, fond of women, courageous in battle and luxurious.

Taamsik planets are cheats, tale bearers, quarrelsome, stubborn, lazy, cruel, vindictive, fond of sleep, mean pleasures, and worthless women.

NOTE: There is a misconception today that sattwa guna means patience and not hurting others. An aggressive response to an offender is often thought to be raajasik.However, sattwa simply means “the state of being true”. Pleasing others with artificial goodness is not sattwa guna. Punishing a person for his mistakes is not necessarily rajo guna. If there is some passion and impurity in one’s energetic response, then it shows rajo guna. But, if a warrior fights a sinning person with no passion or ego, it can still be a saattvic act. Lord Sri Rama and Sun are examples for this. Sun is a king of the warrior class and yet he is saattwik. Lord Rama, who was born with his amsa, is a saattwik person despite killing Ravana and other demons.

Sattva guna simply means purity and truthfulness in one’s thoughts and action. Rajo guna shows some passion, energy and impurity in thoughts and actions. Tamo guna shows a dark, mean and depraved spirit in thoughts and actions.

Planet Abode
Sun Place of Worship like Temple, Mosque, Church etc.
Moon Watery Place, Bathroom
Mars Place of Fire like Kitchen
Mercury Sports Ground and Place of entertainment
Jupiter Treasure House like Bank
Venus Bedroom, place of sexual intercourse
Saturn Filthy and dirty area

This description should give one an idea of the nature of planets.

Sapta dhaatus or 7 matters make up human body.

Planet Dhaatu
Sun Bones
Moon Blood
Mars Bone Marrow
Mercury Skin
Jupiter Fats
Venus Semen ((materials related to the reproductive system)
Saturn Muscles

If Sun is afflicted, it can show some problems related to bones. Weakness of Moon may give blood related problems. And so on.

Sun rules an ayana. Moon rules a minute. Mars rules a week. Mercury rules a ritu. Jupiter rules a month. Venus rules a fortnight. Saturn rules a year.
These periods are very useful in prasna or horary astrology.

There are 2 ayanas in a year. During Sun’s transit from Cp to Ge, we have Uttara (north) ayana. During Sun’s transit from Cn to Sg, we have Dakshina (south) ayana.

Ritu roughly means a “season”. There are 6 ritus in a year. They are – vasanta (spring), greeshma (summer), varsha (rain), hemanta (dew), seeta (winter), sisira (fall). Each ritu consists of 2 months.

Sun governs the pungent taste (e.g. onion, ginger, pepper). Moon governs the saline taste (e.g. sea salt, rock salt). Mars governs the bitter taste (e.g. karela/bitter melon, dandelion root, rhubarb root, neem leaves). Mercury governs a mixed taste. Jupiter governs sweetness (e.g. sugar, dates). Venus governs the sour taste (e.g. lemon, tamarind). Saturn governs the astringent taste (e.g. plantain, pomegranate).

The 2nd house shows one’s preference in food. The planets influencing it may decide one’s favorite taste. In addition, one should avoid the tastes of the planets who are likely bring disease. Suppose one is running a dasa or antardasa of a sign containing Moon as per Shoola dasa (a dasa that shows suffering). Then some suffering related to Moon is possible. Moon can give problems related to blood pressure as he govern blood. So eating too much salty food during such a period may result in high blood pressure. Similarly, one should cut down on sweets during a period in which Jupiter related troubles are indicated. Or, one may develop too much fat (Jupiter) or get other Jupiter related diseases.

Mercury and Jupiter are strong in the eastern direction (lagna). Sun and Mars are strong in the southern direction (meridian – 10th house). Moon and Venus are strong in the northern direction (nadir – 4th house). Saturn is strong in the west (7th house).

These are the digbalas (strengths associated with direction) of planets. These show the direction taken by one in one’s life, as we will see later.

Moon, Mars and Saturn are strong in the night time. Sun, Jupiter and Venus are strong in the daytime. Mercury is always strong.

Natural malefics are strong in Krishna paksha. Natural benefics are strong in Sukla paksha.

Natural malefics are strong in Dakshina ayana. Natural benefics are strong in Uttara ayana.

Planet Direction
Sun East
Moon North-West
Mars South
Mer North
Jupiter North-East
Venus South-East
Saturn West
Rahu South-West
Planet Time
Sun Aayaan - Uttarayyana / Dakishnayyana (6 months)
Moon Muhurata (48 minutes)
Mars Day-Night (24 hrs.)
Mer Season (2 months)
Jupiter Month (30 days)
Venus 15 days
Saturn 1 year

Planetary rulerships over ritus (seasons) are as follows: Sun and Mars governs summer season, Venus governs vasanta ritu (spring). Mars governs greeshma ritu (summer). Moon governs varsha ritu (rainy season). Mercury governs hemanta ritu (season of dew). Jupiter governs seeta ritu (winter). Saturn governs sisira ritu (fall).

(1) Rahu, Mars, Saturn and Moon rule over dhaatus (metals and materials).
(2) Sun and Venus rule over moolas (roots and vegetables).
(3) Mercury, Jupiter and Ketu rule over jeevas (living beings).

Planet Vaata / Pitta / Kapha
Sun & Mars Pitta
Moon Vaata and Kapha
Mercury Vaata, Pitta, Kapha (Sannipaata )
Jupiter Kapha
Venus Vaata and Kapha
Saturn Vaata


  • basics/planets-intro/planets-characteristics-astrology.txt
  • Last modified: 2019/11/06 08:05
  • by admin