We learnt that the zodiac of 360º is divided into 12 equal parts of 30º. We learnt these are called rasis (signs). We learnt the Name of 12 Rasis in Vedic astrology and their introduction in previous article. Different rasis have different properties and they stand for different things. We will learn them in this small chapter.
Limbs of Vishnu
The whole zodiac is nothing but a manifestation of Lord Vishnu’s body. Aries is the head. Taurus is the face. Gemini is the arms. Cancer is the heart. Leo is the stomach. Virgo is the hip. Libra is the space below navel. Scorpio is the private parts. Sagittarius is the thighs. Capricorn is the knees. Aquarius is the ankles. Pisces is the feet.
These are the limbs that rasis in the natural zodiac stand for. Because we are all part of the Supreme energy governing this world, the above mapping applies to us too. For example, we should pay attention to Leo for analyzing stomach problems and to Pisces for analyzing problems related to feet and so on
Odd and Even
(1) Ar, Ge, Le, Li, Sg and Aq are called odd rasis or vishama rasis or oja rasis. They are also known as male rasis. If more planets are in odd rasis, the native may have more strength and courage.
(2) Ta, Cn, Vi, Sc, Cp and Pi are called even rasis or sama rasis or yugma rasis. They are also known as female rasis. if more planets are in even rasis, qualities like sober, beautiful / handsome will predominate the native.
Sex: Male and Female
Male: Ar, Ge, Le, Li, Sg and Aq
(All Agni and Vayu Rashisand all odd signs). The male signs are dominating, active and aggressive.
Female: Ta, Cn, Vi, Sc, Cp and Pi
(All Jal and Prithvi Rashis and even signs).
The Female signs are gentle, submissive (i.e. ready to conform to the authority or will of others) and passive (i.e. accepting or allowing what happens or what others do, without active response or resistance.)
This division is used in some dasas and in the determination of the sex of children.
Odd-footed and Even-footed
(1) Ar, Ta, Ge, Li, Sc and Sg are called odd-footed rasis or vishamapada rasis or ojapada rasis.
(2) Cn, Le, Vi, Cp, Aq and Pi are called even-footed rasis or samapada rasis or or yugmapada rasis.
This division is used in some dasas.
Movable, Fixed and Dual
(1) Ar, Cn, Li and Cp are known as chara rasis or movable rasis. They are ruled by Brahma, the Creator. Their nature is to move and to be dynamic.
(2) Ta, Le, Sc and Aq are known as sthira rasis or fixed rasis. They are ruled by Shiva, the Destroyer. Their nature is to be stable and constant.
(3) Ge, Vi, Sg and Pi are known as dwiswabhava rasis or dual rasis. They are ruled by Vishnu, the Sustainer. They are stable sometimes and dynamic sometimes.
Movable sign means “quick results”. If someone starts journey in movable sign, the native returns quickly OR the native gets quick relief from the disease given by movable sign.
Work started in fixed sign lasts longer. If someone enters new home in Fixed sign, they will stay in that home for years OR the native suffers for many months / years from the disease given by fixed sign.
The first half of dual sign gives results like movable sign and the second half gives results like fixed sign. Becuase of giving mixed results, they are known as dual signs.
Rasis & Five Elements
According to Hindu philosophy, this world is made up of 5 elements – fire, water, air, earth and ether. Water is a substance with a flexible state. Air is a substance with a varying state. Earth is a substance with a constant and solid state. Fire is a substance that transforms the state of things. Ether is something that is present everywhere.
For example, suppose one has a good memory and remembers something he learnt 10 years back. It involves a skill of earthy nature. Suppose a poet’s imagination creates a nice poem that appeals to one’s aesthetic sense. This involves watery skills.
Suppose one is in a bad mood and his mind is wandering aimlessly. This shows airy state of the mind.
These 5 elements are behind every material substance, every action, every thought, every emotion and every happening in this universe.
(1) Ar, Le and Sg are called agni rasis or fiery rasis.
(2) Ta, Vi and Cp are called bhoo rasis or earthy rasis.
(3) Ge, Li and Aq are called vaayu rasis or airy rasis.
(4) Cn, Sc and Pi are called jala rasis or watery rasis.
(5) The 5th element of aakaasa or ether is present in every rasi.
Let us see how these may be used. For example, the 5th house in one’s chart shows one’s emotional nature. The 5th house in a fiery sign may show a normally angry, aggressive or determined person. The 5th house in an earthy sign may show a balanced, logical and stable person. The 5th house in an airy sign may show someone with unstable and wandering emotions. The 5th house in a watery sign may show one with an imaginative and creative mind.
Pitta, Vaata and Kapha
Ayurveda is India’s Vedic medical system that recognizes human body and everything else in the universe as having 3 natures that are formed with the above 5 elements:
Pitta or bilious nature is a combination of the elements of fire and water. It shows things that result in tranformation in a system. In a human body, for example, it may show digestion etc.
Vaata or windy nature is a combination of the elements of air and ether. It shows things that move in and out of a system. In a human body, for example, it may show breathing etc.
Kapha or phlegmatic nature is a combination of the elements of earth and water. It shows things that bind a system together. In a human body, for example, it may show bones, muscles, fat etc. It shows things that give a structure to a system.
Ar, Le and Sg are of pitta nature.
Ta, Vi and Cp are of vaata nature.
Cn, Sc and Pi are of kapha nature.
Ge, Li and Aq are of a mixed nature.
Sattwa, Rajas and Tamas
In Hindu philosophy, everything in this universe has one of 3 gunas (qualities). They are called trigunas. Sattwa (purity) is a quality that gives truthfulness and purity. Rajas or rajo guna (energy) is a quality that makes one energetic and passionate. Tamas or tamo guna (darkness) is a quality that makes one depraved.
As an example, let us say a saint is living in a small hermitage. Let us say a man living in a local forest comes, makes fun of the saint and abuses him for no reason. Let us say a king fights with that man after finding out about this. Let us say that the saint tells him to leave the man and yet the king punishes him.
The saint shows sattva guna and he is not bothered by petty things. He ignores the abuse. He is a pure person. The man abusing the saint for no reason shows tamo guna, as he is in the dark. Abusing a saattwik person for no reason is a pathetic thing to do and only a depraved person in darkness can do it. The king acts appropriatesly and shows his energy by defeating the man. So far it is sattwa guna (the state of being true). But the king punishes the man ignoring the advice of the saint to forgive him. His passionate response makes him a person with rajo guna.
(1) Saattwik signs, i.e. signs with sattwa guna, are – Cn, Le, Sg, Pi.
(2) Raajasik signs, i.e. signs with rajo guna, are – Ar, Ta, Li, Sc.
(3) Taamasik signs, i.e. signs with tamo guna, are – Ge, Vi, Cp, Aq.
Rasis and Directions
(1) Ar, Le and Sg show east (Agni).
(2) Ta, Vi and Cp show south (Prithvi).
(3) Ge, Li and Aq show west (Vayu).
(4) Cn, Sc and Pi show north (Jal).
These are also very useful in predictions. These can be used for many purposes, but they are mostly used to decide from which directions the bride or groom will come and also to which directions the person has gone or will go or transferred etc.
This can also be used for predicting best direction for job / business to the native. E.g., if in a horoscope LL, 9L and 10L are in Scorpio rasi, one can predict that the native will get success from north direction.
Rasis and Colors
Ar shows blood-red color. Ta shows white. Ge shows grass green. Cn shows pale red. Le shows white. Virgo is variegated. Libra shows black. Scorpio shows reddish brown. Sagittarius shows the color of the husk of grass. Capricorn is variegated. Aquarius shows brown color (that of a mongoose). Pisces shows cream color or the the color of fish
Day and Night
(1) Ar, Ta, Ge, Cn, Sg and Cp are night time rasis (Nocturnal) – they are strong during the night time. They are nishaa rasis.
(2) Le, Vi, Li, Sc, Aq and Pi are daytime rasis (Diurnal) – they are strong during the daytime. They are divaa rasis.
Out of the two rasis owned by a planet, one is a day sign and one is a night sign.
Moon governs all the nishaa rasis and Sun governs all the divaa rasis.
Note: The day is from sun rise to sunset, and the night from sunset to sunrise.
Rising of rasis
Some rasis rise with their head. They are called “Seershodaya rasis”. Some rasis rise with their feet4. They are called “Prishthodaya rasis”.
(1) Ge, Le, Vi, Li, Sc, Aq are Seershodaya rasis.
(2) Ar, Ta, Cn, Sg, Cp are Prishthodaya rasis.
(3) Pi rises with both its head and feet.
It is said that planets in Seershodaya rasis give their results in the first half of their dasas and planets in Prishthodaya rasis give their results in the second half of their dasas.
Biped , Quadruped
Biped (human beings) : Gemini, Virgo, Libra, the first half of Sagittarius,(Represented by man with arrow) and Aquarius.
Quadruped : Aries, Taurus, Leo, later half of Sagittarius (represented by horse) and first half of Capricorn (front portion is of goat).
Watery : Cancer, Pisces and later half of Capricorn.
Keeta (insect etc.) : Scorpio
Varna or Class
In Hinduism, people are divided into 4 varnas or classes – (1) Brahmanas, (2) Kshatriyas, (3) Vaisyas and (4) Sudras. Brahmanas pursue knowledge and work as priests or ministers. Kshatriyas are valiant and they become kings, army chiefs and soldiers. Vaisyas are the traders and suppliers of various services. Sudras execute various menial tasks.
(1) Brahmanas (scholars, Teacher, Priest, Preacher) are represented by watery signs – Cn, Sc, Pi.
(2) Kshatriyas (warriors) are represented by by fiery signs – Ar, Le, Sg.
(3) Vaisyas (traders, farmers) are represented by by earthy signs – Ta, Vi, Cp.
(4) Sudras (workers, serving class) are represented by by airy signs – Ge, Li, Aq.
Indications of Rasis
Aries: Dynamic, enterprising, valiant, ruddy, head, forests, large forehead, hasty, impulsive, restless, thick eyebrows, leadership, overbearing, dry, lean, tall.
Taurus: Beautiful, face, stable, sluggish, loyal, meadows, plains, luxury halls, dining halls, eating places, fine teeth, large eyes, luxurious, faithful, thick hair, stout.
Gemini: Chest, garden, communication, journalism, schools, colleges, study rooms, cables, telephone, newspapers, tall, well-built, prominent cheeks, thick hair, broad chest, curious, learned, jovial.
Cancer: Heart, breast, watery fields, rivers, canals, kitchen, food, attractive, small build, emotional, deeply attached, mother-like, sensitive.
Leo: Stomach, digestion, navel, mountains, forests, caves, deserts, palaces, parks, forts, boilers, steel factories, thin, dry, hot, royal, self-pride, insolent, domineering.
Virgo: Hip, appendix, lush gardens, fields, orchards, libraries, bookstores, farms, intelligent, sharp, orator, nervous, physically weak, discretion, tactfulness.
Libra: Groins, Businessmen, markets, trade centers, banks, hotels, amusement parks, entertainment, toilets, cosmetics, balanced, wise, good talker.
Scorpio: Private parts, holes, deep caves, mines, garrages, small build, dusky complexion, bright eyes, secretive, scheming, occult, best friend or a worst enemy, peevish, sensitive.
Sagittarius: Thighs, royal, attorneys, government offices, aircraft, falling, sparse hair, muscular, deep eyes, uproght, honest, genial, gambler.
Capricorn: Knees, marsh lands, watery places, alligators, beasts, bushes, slender buils, long neck, prominent teeth, witty, perfectionist, patient, organizer, cautious, secretive, pragmatic.
Aquarius: Ankles, charity, philosophy, tall, bony, small eyes, mountain spring, places with water, ill-formed teeth, coarse hair, hard-working, stoic, honest.
Pisces: Feet, oceans, seas, prisons, hospitals, hermitages, short, plump, large eyes, large eyebrows, lazy, emotional, timid, honest, irresolute, talkative, intuitive.